Right when you think you have learned it all, the car engine will spill out another problem at your feet. This time the issue is not problematic but more of an educational sense.
Whether you are new to this or not, I think it is wise to know how to adjust roller rockers with hydraulic lifters. Many car owners often wonder how to fine-tune this by themselves.
This article is for them. I will tell you the process in a simplified manner alongside the precise explanation of roller rockers and hydraulic lifters.
Nobody has time to waste reading about a bunch of boring rants regarding their cars. So I will get straight to the point.
What Are Roller Rockers?
The roller rockers are like a see-saw. One end is positioned at the pushrod that pushes up the rockers, while the other end pushes down the valve with the tip.
It is this tip that changes the performance level due to its shape. The ball bearing operation applies the pressure, which, in turn, allows the tip to contact the valve stem staying true to the course.
You may have noticed that roller rockers have a different design than the traditional ones. Hence, performance will gain a few extra ratio increments as well.
These roller rockers are usually made with aluminum. They turn out surprisingly sturdy despite the lightweight design.
Benefits of Rollers Rockers
I have already mentioned that the tip that touches the valve stem end pushes down the valves. What happens is that the roller practically reduces excessive frictions caused by higher speed.
You do not even have to drip the whole thing with lubrication for a smooth operation. The higher the ratio goes, the more HP you might gain. With premium-grade roller rockers sitting in your engine, you can attain about 20 HP without difficulty.
It is an incredible option for those who seek a level up or a quick boost in acceleration.
Try not to overdo it, though. You can end up spending more bucks fixing the mistakes than improving them.
What Are Hydraulic Lifters?
Mechanics often call them hydraulic lash adjuster or hydraulic tappets too. The task it delivers is still the same – it maintains the short valve clearance during the internal combustion engine operation.
You will find this device between the camshaft and the valve. It looks like a cylinder that encases a piston.
Remember that the engine has to work with various components and parts, which might heat up the area as it moves up the speed. It is when the hydraulic lifters aid in reducing the intensity of the effort.
In short, it builds up the tolerance level that can handle the continual oil pressure.
How Hydraulic Lifters Work?
First of all, you will see a hole in the lifter where the pressed oil travels and drifts toward the narrow passage. It goes into the lifter cylinder and allows the oil to move freely to the other side.
Then the passage closes with the help of the cam that presses down the lifter piston. It lets the valve open for a short while. The process helps discharge the gas from the cylinder, no matter the pressure level.
Next, the pressed down lifter piston rises again, letting the oil flow once more. Now the open valve will shut close, steadying the air pressure in the engine.
Try to picture the steps in your head for a better grasp of the situation. It will help you a lot.
Benefits of Hydraulic Lifters
The best advantage of the tappets or hydraulic lifters is that they can last as long as the engine survives. It eliminates any additional servicing during the maintenance or repairs.
Plus, they are quite easy to adjust compared to solid lifters. They also decrease the rattling noise or valve lash often caused due to the gaps in between the roller rockers and tappets.
Nevertheless, there are ways the lifters can turn faulty. The major cause is the lack of cushioned lubrication. Sometimes it can collapse the whole thing if the pounding on the pushrod or the lifter is not minimized.
Roller Rockers Adjustment Process with Hydraulic Lifters
Now the matter of adjusting the roller rockers with hydraulic lifters can come into view. First, you must understand the term, Zero Lash.
You may have heard the experienced engine experts or the mechanics saying this. But have you ever wondered what it is or how to reach the zero lash?
Suppose you are working on the adjustment right now. You know that the moment you start the engine, you will feel the slaking movement caused by the rocker arms.
It means the adjustments are loose. The pushrods, the lifters, the valve stems, and the rocker arms all have been pretty much slacking.
So, the term zero-lash clarifies that all these parts have come together in contact without overtightening the adjustment.
How to Adjust Roller Rockers with Hydraulic Lifters
Below are the short and straightforward steps I have included about how to adjust the rocker arms.
a) Start the Engine
The whole shaft will have many roller rockers to work with. Do not feel overwhelmed. Start with one cylinder and then move on to the next.
Start the engine until the valve springs are entirely pressed down via rocker arms. It is the point where you will start working on the valve spring intakes of that particular cylinder.
b) Tighten the Nut
Begin tightening the nut you see on the rocker as you spin the pushrod. Make sure to tighten it slowly. And do not overdo it; it will make things worse, trust me.
As you slowly tighten the nut, you will start to receive a tug of resistance from the pushrod. Stop right then.
c) Adjust the Nut
Now, rotate the nut once slowly or halfway, depending on your choice. Some even prefer 1/8 of rotation, which I believe is too little to achieve the zero lash.
d) Lock the Valve
You have now adjusted the valve. It is time to lock it in position. Steady a wrench on the nut so that it does not budge; tighten the small bolt on the top. Voila!
e) Start the Engine Again
Start the motor once more and let the valve go up and down before moving back up to a steady level. Make sure it does not travel to the top. Here, you will similarly fix the exhaust valve as mentioned above.
Then, head over to the rest of the cylinders one section at a time.
Honestly, it is not a difficult task that will keep you up all night in the garage. However, a rookie must have a guardian or a mentor standing by to ensure adjustments are made in order.
In the end, what a person seeks is the achievement through the joy of fixing things by himself/herself. If you can do it, do not be nervous as long as you are well aware of the engine terms.
Besides, there are many online video channels to help you visually understand which part goes where. As for the skilled mechanics, are you ready to experiment more?